December: Algorithms & Theory
Punch-operation and die optimization for ceramic-module production. Multi-layer ceramic modules (MLCs) are modern, miniaturized versions of printed circuit boards. IBM researchers attached microchips to them, piled them one on top of the other and connected them electrically to increase microprocessing power. Punching holes through each of them to "tie them together" required devising an efficient algorithm. Author and featured researcher: Gregory Sorkin.
September: Operations Research
Production design and operations scheduling (PDOS) for plate products in the steel industry. The plate design solution has been deployed at a leading South Korean steelmaker and has led to an improvement of about 8 percent in the average size of slab -- all while keeping waste and unplanned surplus at the caster to minimum specified levels. Author and featured researcher: Jayant R. Kalagnanam.
-- Programming Languages & Software Engineering
LeakBot. Finding out what causes leaks in Java and other programming languages is an immense challenge. Author and featured researcher: Nick Mitchell.
August: Communications & Networking
Wireless sensor networking. IBM Research is using its expertise in wireless networking, advanced middleware concepts and embedded platform design to create innovative concepts, efficient architectures and reference designs for end-to-end enterprise solutions. Author and featured researcher: Simeon Furrer.
-- Services Computing.
Service-oriented architecture for extended business collaboration. This project provides a service-oriented architecture for enabling business process integration and management in B2B environments through a uniform business resource description model, integration activity management and a set of configurable and flexible message exchange patterns. Author and featured researcher: Liang-Jie Zhang.
July: Verification Technology
X-Gen. Functional verification is one of the bottlenecks of hardware design. System verification -- the closing phase of the verification process -- validates the integration of several previously verifiedcomponents, and provides the last line of defense against a bug escaping to silicon. Author and featured researcher: Yoav Katz.
June: Human Computer Interaction
Shark shorthand. Mobile devices, such as smart phones, can be used as the physical handle and coordination hub in the digital information world. Shumin Zhai.
May: Artificial Intelligence
Personal Wizards: Learning procedural knowledge by demonstration. Researchers developed a software framework to disseminate procedural knowledge. Author and featured researcher: Larry Bergman.
-- Communications & Networking
An On Demand platform for online games.The games industry will benefit from leveraging infrastructure across game properties to better support current and future online games environment. Author and featured researcher: Anees Shaikh.
-- Computational Biology & Medical Informatics
HealthMiner. HealthMiner mines clinical data to find new relationships that could have direct applications for conducting biomedical research, making prognoses and developing diagnostic tests. Author and featured researcher: Daniel Platt.
-- Computer Architecture
The Cell architecture. This technology grew out of a challenge posed by Sony and Toshiba to provide power-efficient and cost-effective high-performance processing for a wide range of applications, including game consoles. Author and featured researcher: Michael Gschwind.
-- Electrical Interconnect and Packaging
Electrical Interconnect and Packaging. A recent addition to the suite of electromagnetic (EM) modeling tools is a full-wave, arbitrary shape solver called ElectroMagnetic Surface modeling (EMSurf). Author and featured researcher: Jason Morsey.
-- Graphics & Visualization
Egyptian culture project. A partnership between IBM and the Egyptian government resulted in Eternal Egypt, an interactive website that captures 7,000 years of Egyptian history. Author and featured researcher: Frank Giordano.
-- Mobile Computing
Everywhere interactive displays. Combining an overhead projector, a rotating mirror, a video camera and special software, the Everywhere Interactive Displays projector turns any surface -- walls, floors, tabletops -- into a virtual, interactive touch screen display. Author and featured researcher: Claudio Pinhanez.
-- Natural Language Processing
Unstructured Information Management Architecture (UIMA). UIMA is an extensible and scaleable framework that supports an application from acquisition of original unstructured information (e.g., text, audio, video) through its analysis and, ultimately, to the population of structured resources (e.g., databases, search engine indices, knowledge bases). It has applications in life sciences, government and call centers. Author and featured researcher: Adam Lally.
-- Operations Research
Large-scale strategic budgeting for wildfire management. This research develops a strategic planning model for developing preparedness budgets needed for managing wildfires during the initial response period. Author and featured researcher: Gyana Parija.
-- Performance Modeling & Analysis
AMBIENCE - Automatic Model Building using InferENCE. A modeling approach gives architects and with qualitative and quantitative insights about the communications or computer system under consideration. Author and featured researcher: Zhen Liu.
-- Programming Languages & Software Engineering
Java runtime optimizations. IBM Research has developed many high-performance techniques for Just-In-Time (JIT) compilation, garbage collection and other key components in the virtual machine. Author and featured researcher: David Grove.
-- Security & Privacy
Research for advancing trusted computing. Software for the correct execution of business can be run on the 4758 Cryptographic Coprocessor with confidence -- even against insider attacks. Author and featured researcher: Leendert Van Doorn.
-- Signal Processing
Applying digital halftoning to digital watermarking and LCD displays. A digital watermark is embedded into an original image, which can be used for tamper detection, image fingerprinting and copyright protection. Author and featured researcher: Chai Wah Wu.
Statistical methods for business intelligence. The challenge of business analytics: You have to estimate the parameters of a model without having complete information. Author and featured researcher: Yasuo Amemiya.
BlueGene/L: Benchmarking and Applications Performance. This project looks at a broad set of high performance computing applications, including life sciences, financial modeling, hydrodynamics, quantum chemistry, molecular dynamics, astronomy, space research and climate modeling. Author and featured researcher: John Gunnels.
-- User Interface Technologies
Speech-to-Speech Translation. This technology is enabling real-time, interpersonal communication via natural spoken language for people who do not share a common language. The Multilingual Automatic Speech-to-Speech Translator (MASTOR) system is the first prototype. Author and featured researcher: Yuging Gao.
Enterprise search technology. WebSphere Information Integrator OmniFind Edition evolved from an IBM project called Trevi, which developed a scalable search solution for the IBM intranet -- one of the biggest in the private sector. Author and featured researcher: Marcus F. Fontoura.
Last updated on 15 January 2008