Heterogeneous clusters and grid infrastructures are becoming increasingly popular. In these computing infrastructures, machines have different resources (e.g., memory sizes, disk space, and installed software packages). These differences give rise to a problem of over-provisioning, that is, sub-optimal utilization of a cluster due to users requesting resource capacities greater than what their jobs actually need. Our analysis of a real workload file (LANL CM5) revealed differences of up to two orders of magnitude between requested memory capacity and actual memory usage. The problem of over-provisioning has received very little attention so far. We discuss different approaches for applying machine learning methods to estimate the actual resource capacities used by jobs. These approaches are independent of the scheduling policies and the dynamic resourcematching schemes used. Our simulations show that these methods can yield an improvement of over 50% in utilization (throughput) of heterogeneous clusters.
By: Elad Yom-Tov; Yariv Aridor
Published in: H-0244 in 2006
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