IBM Journal of Research and Development
IBM Skip to main content
  Home     Products & services     Support & downloads     My account  
  Select a country  
Journals Home  
  Systems Journal  
Journal of Research
and Development
    Current Issue  
    Recent Issues  
    Papers in Progress  
    Search/Index  
    Orders  
    Description  
    Patents  
    Recent publications  
    Author's Guide  
  Staff  
  Contact Us  
  Related links:  
     IBM Research  
IBM Journal of Research and Development

Browse by Subject

Show details for AcousticsAcoustics
Show details for Adhesion scienceAdhesion science
Show details for AdsorptionAdsorption
Show details for AerodynamicsAerodynamics
Show details for AlgorithmsAlgorithms
Show details for AlloysAlloys
Show details for AluminumAluminum
Show details for AmplificationAmplification
Show details for Analytical modelsAnalytical models
Show details for AnimationAnimation
Show details for AntimonyAntimony
Show details for APLAPL
Show details for Arithmetic and logical unit designArithmetic and logical unit design
Show details for ArraysArrays
Show details for Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Show details for ASICsASICs
Show details for Atmospheric processesAtmospheric processes
Show details for Atomic force microscopy (AFM)Atomic force microscopy (AFM)
Show details for AutomataAutomata
Show details for Autonomic computingAutonomic computing
Show details for Beams, charged particleBeams, charged particle
Show details for BearingsBearings
Show details for Biology and biomedical studiesBiology and biomedical studies
Show details for BiotechnologyBiotechnology
Show details for BismuthBismuth
Show details for Boltzmann transport equationBoltzmann transport equation
Show details for Boolean algebraBoolean algebra
Show details for Boundary-scan designBoundary-scan design
Show details for Built-in self-test (BIST)Built-in self-test (BIST)
Show details for CadmiumCadmium
Show details for CapacitanceCapacitance
Show details for Carrier transportCarrier transport
Show details for Carrier transport in small structuresCarrier transport in small structures
Show details for Cathode-ray tubesCathode-ray tubes
Show details for Cell Broadband EngineCell Broadband Engine
Show details for CeramicsCeramics
Show details for Channel subsystem architectureChannel subsystem architecture
Show details for Character recognitionCharacter recognition
Show details for Charge-coupled devicesCharge-coupled devices
Show details for Checkers and chessCheckers and chess
Show details for Chemical analysisChemical analysis
Show details for Chemical reaction modelingChemical reaction modeling
Show details for Chemical vapor depositionChemical vapor deposition
Show details for Chemistry and chemical engineeringChemistry and chemical engineering
Show details for ChromiumChromium
Show details for Circuit and device technologyCircuit and device technology
Show details for Circuit theory and analysisCircuit theory and analysis
Show details for ClockingClocking
Show details for CMOSCMOS
Show details for Codes and codingCodes and coding
Show details for Coding theoryCoding theory
Show details for Coding, arithmeticCoding, arithmetic
Show details for ColorColor
Show details for Combinatorial problemsCombinatorial problems
Show details for Communication theoryCommunication theory
Show details for Communications and communication networksCommunications and communication networks
Show details for Communication, scientificCommunication, scientific
Show details for Compilers and interpretersCompilers and interpreters
Show details for ComplexityComplexity
Show details for ComputationComputation
Show details for Computational methodsComputational methods
Show details for Computer-aided designComputer-aided design
Show details for Computer-assisted instructionComputer-assisted instruction
Show details for Computer-controlled manipulatorsComputer-controlled manipulators
Show details for Computer applicationsComputer applications
Show details for Computer architectureComputer architecture
Show details for Computer organization and designComputer organization and design
Show details for Computer securityComputer security
Show details for Computer system availabilityComputer system availability
Show details for ComputersComputers
Show details for Computing, gridComputing, grid
Show details for ContactsContacts
Show details for ContaminationContamination
Show details for Control theory and systemsControl theory and systems
Show details for Controlled-collapse chip connection (C4) technologyControlled-collapse chip connection (C4) technology
Show details for CoolingCooling
Show details for CopperCopper
Show details for CorrosionCorrosion
Show details for Cosmic raysCosmic rays
Show details for CountersCounters
Show details for CryogenicsCryogenics
Show details for CryptographyCryptography
Show details for CrystallographyCrystallography
Show details for CrystalsCrystals
Show details for Damascene processDamascene process
Show details for Data compressionData compression
Show details for Data encryption standard (DES)Data encryption standard (DES)
Show details for Data transmissionData transmission
Show details for DatabasesDatabases
Show details for Databases, relationalDatabases, relational
Show details for Data, structures and accessingData, structures and accessing
Show details for Design automationDesign automation
Show details for Design verificationDesign verification
Show details for Device designDevice design
Show details for Device driversDevice drivers
Show details for DielectricsDielectrics
Show details for Difference equationsDifference equations
Show details for Differential current switch (DCS)Differential current switch (DCS)
Show details for Differential equationsDifferential equations
Show details for Diffraction gratingsDiffraction gratings
Show details for DiffusionDiffusion
Show details for Digital computersDigital computers
Show details for Digital librariesDigital libraries
Show details for DiodesDiodes
Show details for Diodes, light-emitting (LEDs)Diodes, light-emitting (LEDs)
Show details for Diodes, organic light-emitting (OLEDs)Diodes, organic light-emitting (OLEDs)
Show details for Diodes, tunnelDiodes, tunnel
Show details for Diskette drivesDiskette drives
Show details for DislocationsDislocations
Show details for Display technologyDisplay technology
Show details for Distributed processingDistributed processing
Show details for Domain wallsDomain walls
Show details for Drug designDrug design
Show details for Electrical conductionElectrical conduction
Show details for Electro-opticsElectro-optics
Show details for ElectrochemistryElectrochemistry
Show details for ElectrodepositionElectrodeposition
Show details for Electroless platingElectroless plating
Show details for ElectroluminescenceElectroluminescence
Show details for Electromagnetic interferenceElectromagnetic interference
Show details for ElectromagneticsElectromagnetics
Show details for ElectromechanicsElectromechanics
Show details for Electron diffractionElectron diffraction
Show details for Electron microscopyElectron microscopy
Show details for Electron trap characterizationElectron trap characterization
Show details for ElectrophotographyElectrophotography
Show details for ElectroplatingElectroplating
Show details for ElectrostaticsElectrostatics
Show details for EnvironmentEnvironment
Show details for EqualizersEqualizers
Show details for Error control and recoveryError control and recovery
Show details for Error correction codesError correction codes
Show details for Error detection and correctionError detection and correction
Show details for Esaki tunnelingEsaki tunneling
Show details for ESCON architectureESCON architecture
Show details for EtchingEtching
Show details for Expert systemsExpert systems
Show details for FabricationFabrication
Show details for Faraday cup, portableFaraday cup, portable
Show details for Fault toleranceFault tolerance
Show details for Feature sizeFeature size
Show details for Fermi surfaceFermi surface
Show details for FerritesFerrites
Show details for FerroelectricsFerroelectrics
Show details for Ferromagnetic materialsFerromagnetic materials
Show details for Fiber opticsFiber optics
Show details for Field-effect transistorsField-effect transistors
Show details for Field emissionField emission
Show details for File systemsFile systems
Show details for FilmsFilms
Show details for Films, DiazoFilms, Diazo
Show details for Films, epitaxyFilms, epitaxy
Show details for Films, magneticFilms, magnetic
Show details for Films, metalFilms, metal
Show details for Films, oxideFilms, oxide
Show details for Films, permalloyFilms, permalloy
Show details for Films, photographicFilms, photographic
Show details for Films, polymerFilms, polymer
Show details for Films, semiconductorFilms, semiconductor
Show details for Films, superconductingFilms, superconducting
Show details for Films, thinFilms, thin
Show details for FiltersFilters
Show details for Finite element analysisFinite element analysis
Show details for Flexible-disk technologyFlexible-disk technology
Show details for Fluids and fluid dynamicsFluids and fluid dynamics
Show details for FluorescenceFluorescence
Show details for Formal methodsFormal methods
Show details for FORTRANFORTRAN
Show details for Fourier transformsFourier transforms
Show details for FractalsFractals
Show details for Gallium arsenideGallium arsenide
Show details for Game theoryGame theory
Show details for GarnetGarnet
Show details for Gas panelsGas panels
Show details for Genomic and proteomic analysisGenomic and proteomic analysis
Show details for GeologyGeology
Show details for GeometryGeometry
Show details for Geonomic and proteomic analysisGeonomic and proteomic analysis
Show details for GeophysicsGeophysics
Show details for GermaniumGermanium
Show details for GoldGold
Show details for Graph theoryGraph theory
Show details for GraphicsGraphics
Show details for GraphiteGraphite
Show details for Gunn effectGunn effect
Show details for Hall effectHall effect
Show details for Handwriting recognitionHandwriting recognition
Show details for HashingHashing
Show details for Heterostructures and heterojunctionsHeterostructures and heterojunctions
Show details for HeuristicsHeuristics
Show details for HolographyHolography
Show details for Hot-electron effectsHot-electron effects
Show details for HydraulicsHydraulics
Show details for HydrologyHydrology
Show details for IBM 1975 Optical Page ReaderIBM 1975 Optical Page Reader
Show details for IBM 2750IBM 2750
Show details for IBM 305 (RAMAC)IBM 305 (RAMAC)
Show details for IBM 350 (RAMAC)IBM 350 (RAMAC)
Show details for IBM 608IBM 608
Show details for IBM 610IBM 610
Show details for IBM 650IBM 650
Show details for IBM 7030 (Stretch)IBM 7030 (Stretch)
Show details for IBM 704IBM 704
Show details for IBM 705IBM 705
Show details for IBM 7090IBM 7090
Show details for IBM 727-IIIIBM 727-III
Show details for IBM 728IBM 728
Show details for IBM 738IBM 738
Show details for IBM AS/400IBM AS/400
Show details for IBM eServer z900IBM eServer z900
Show details for IBM eServer z990IBM eServer z990
Show details for IBM Magnetic Tape SELECTRICIBM Magnetic Tape SELECTRIC
Show details for IBM POWER5 SystemIBM POWER5 System
Show details for IBM POWER6IBM POWER6
Show details for IBM SAGE systemIBM SAGE system
Show details for IBM SELECTRIC ComposerIBM SELECTRIC Composer
Show details for IBM System z9IBM System z9
Show details for IBM System/360IBM System/360
Show details for IBM System/360, Model 91IBM System/360, Model 91
Show details for IBM System/370 Extended Architecture (370-XA)IBM System/370 Extended Architecture (370-XA)
Show details for IBM System/390 ES/9000IBM System/390 ES/9000
Show details for IBM System/390 Parallel Enterprise ServerIBM System/390 Parallel Enterprise Server
Show details for Image processingImage processing
Show details for Imaging technologyImaging technology
Show details for IndiumIndium
Show details for InductanceInductance
Show details for Information physicsInformation physics
Show details for Information technologyInformation technology
Show details for Information theoryInformation theory
Show details for Infrared studiesInfrared studies
Show details for Instabilities in semiconductorsInstabilities in semiconductors
Show details for InstrumentationInstrumentation
Show details for InsulatorsInsulators
Show details for Integrated circuit designIntegrated circuit design
Show details for Integrated circuitsIntegrated circuits
Show details for Interconnection technologyInterconnection technology
Show details for InterfacesInterfaces
Show details for InterferometryInterferometry
Show details for IodineIodine
Show details for IronIron
Show details for I/O devices, systems, and technologyI/O devices, systems, and technology
Show details for Josephson technologyJosephson technology
Show details for JunctionsJunctions
Show details for Knowledge systemsKnowledge systems
Show details for Laboratory automationLaboratory automation
Show details for Large-scale computingLarge-scale computing
Show details for Laser ablationLaser ablation
Show details for Laser arraysLaser arrays
Show details for LasersLasers
Show details for Lasers, injectionLasers, injection
Show details for LeadLead
Show details for LEEDLEED
Show details for Lens designLens design
Show details for LightLight
Show details for Light, coherentLight, coherent
Show details for LinguisticsLinguistics
Show details for Liquid crystalsLiquid crystals
Show details for LithographyLithography
Show details for Lithography, electron-beamLithography, electron-beam
Show details for Lithography, X-rayLithography, X-ray
Show details for Local area networks (LANs)Local area networks (LANs)
Show details for LogicLogic
Show details for Logic design and technologyLogic design and technology
Show details for Logic macrosLogic macros
Show details for Logic programmingLogic programming
Show details for Logic synthesisLogic synthesis
Show details for LSILSI
Show details for LSI design automationLSI design automation
Show details for LSSD design and testingLSSD design and testing
Show details for LubricationLubrication
Show details for Machine computation and data analysisMachine computation and data analysis
Show details for Magnetic bubble technologyMagnetic bubble technology
Show details for Magnetic fieldsMagnetic fields
Show details for Magnetic head-disk interactionMagnetic head-disk interaction
Show details for Magnetic head-tape interactionMagnetic head-tape interaction
Show details for Magnetic head designMagnetic head design
Show details for Magnetic random access memory (MRAM)Magnetic random access memory (MRAM)
Show details for Magnetic recordingMagnetic recording
Show details for Magnetic tapeMagnetic tape
Show details for Magnetics - studies and structuresMagnetics - studies and structures
Show details for Magneto-opticsMagneto-optics
Show details for MagnetoresistanceMagnetoresistance
Show details for Management scienceManagement science
Show details for ManufacturingManufacturing
Show details for Markov process analysisMarkov process analysis
Show details for MasersMasers
Show details for MasksMasks
Show details for Masks, X-rayMasks, X-ray
Show details for Mass spectrometryMass spectrometry
Show details for MaterialsMaterials
Show details for Materials technologyMaterials technology
Show details for Mathematical functions and techniquesMathematical functions and techniques
Show details for MathematicsMathematics
Show details for Mathematics (applied)Mathematics (applied)
Show details for Matrix and network studiesMatrix and network studies
Show details for MeasurementMeasurement
Show details for Mechanical analysisMechanical analysis
Show details for Mechanical designMechanical design
Show details for Mechanics and mechanismsMechanics and mechanisms
Show details for Medicine and medical electronicsMedicine and medical electronics
Show details for Memory (computer) design and technologyMemory (computer) design and technology
Show details for Memory (computer) managementMemory (computer) management
Show details for Memory, cacheMemory, cache
Show details for Memory, magnetic coreMemory, magnetic core
Show details for Memory, random-accessMemory, random-access
Show details for Mesoscopic phenomenaMesoscopic phenomena
Show details for MetallurgyMetallurgy
Show details for MetrologyMetrology
Show details for Microcontact printingMicrocontact printing
Show details for Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
Show details for MicroelectronicsMicroelectronics
Show details for MicrofabricationMicrofabrication
Show details for MicrographyMicrography
Show details for MicromachiningMicromachining
Show details for Microprocessor systems and applicationsMicroprocessor systems and applications
Show details for MicrowavesMicrowaves
Show details for MinimotorsMinimotors
Show details for Models and modelingModels and modeling
Show details for Molecular structure modelingMolecular structure modeling
Show details for Monte Carlo methodsMonte Carlo methods
Show details for Multichip modules (MCMs)Multichip modules (MCMs)
Show details for MultilayersMultilayers
Show details for MultimediaMultimedia
Show details for MultiplexingMultiplexing
Show details for MultiprocessorsMultiprocessors
Show details for Nanoscale structures and devicesNanoscale structures and devices
Show details for Natural language processingNatural language processing
Show details for Negative resistance/conductivityNegative resistance/conductivity
Show details for NetworksNetworks
Show details for Neural networksNeural networks
Show details for NickelNickel
Show details for NiobiumNiobium
Show details for NitridationNitridation
Show details for NoiseNoise
Show details for Number theoryNumber theory
Show details for Numerical integrationNumerical integration
Show details for Office machines and systemsOffice machines and systems
Show details for Operating systemsOperating systems
Show details for Operations researchOperations research
Show details for Optical disk drivesOptical disk drives
Show details for Optical disk technologyOptical disk technology
Show details for Optical interconnectionsOptical interconnections
Show details for Optical lithographyOptical lithography
Show details for Optical projection systemOptical projection system
Show details for Optical science and technologyOptical science and technology
Show details for OpticsOptics
Show details for OptimizationOptimization
Show details for Optoelectronic device technologyOptoelectronic device technology
Show details for Organic-inorganic hybridsOrganic-inorganic hybrids
Show details for Organic electronicsOrganic electronics
Show details for Organic materialsOrganic materials
Show details for OscillatorsOscillators
Show details for OsmiumOsmium
Show details for OxynitridationOxynitridation
Show details for OxynitrideOxynitride
Show details for PackagingPackaging
Show details for PagingPaging
Show details for Parallel processingParallel processing
Show details for Pattern recognitionPattern recognition
Show details for Performance analysisPerformance analysis
Show details for Personal computersPersonal computers
Show details for Photo-processesPhoto-processes
Show details for PhotodetectorsPhotodetectors
Show details for PhotoelectrochemistryPhotoelectrochemistry
Show details for PhotoemissionPhotoemission
Show details for PhotographyPhotography
Show details for PhotoresistsPhotoresists
Show details for Photothermal processesPhotothermal processes
Show details for Photovoltaic materialsPhotovoltaic materials
Show details for Physical chemistryPhysical chemistry
Show details for PhysicsPhysics
Show details for Physics of semimetalsPhysics of semimetals
Show details for Physics, solid statePhysics, solid state
Show details for Physics, theoreticalPhysics, theoretical
Show details for PlanarizationPlanarization
Show details for Plasma processingPlasma processing
Show details for PlasmasPlasmas
Show details for PolarimetryPolarimetry
Show details for PolarographyPolarography
Show details for PolymersPolymers
Show details for Power managementPower management
Show details for Power suppliesPower supplies
Show details for Printed circuitsPrinted circuits
Show details for Printing technologyPrinting technology
Show details for Printing, electroerosionPrinting, electroerosion
Show details for Printing, impactPrinting, impact
Show details for Printing, ink jetPrinting, ink jet
Show details for Printing, non-impactPrinting, non-impact
Show details for Printing, thermal transferPrinting, thermal transfer
Show details for Probability distributionsProbability distributions
Show details for Process control and developmentProcess control and development
Show details for Production schedulingProduction scheduling
Show details for Programmable logic arrays (PLAs)Programmable logic arrays (PLAs)
Show details for Programming systemsProgramming systems
Show details for Programming, mathematicalProgramming, mathematical
Show details for Programming, programs, and programming languagesProgramming, programs, and programming languages
Show details for Protein foldingProtein folding
Show details for Proximal probe techniquesProximal probe techniques
Show details for Quality controlQuality control
Show details for Quantum computationQuantum computation
Show details for Quantum theory and effectsQuantum theory and effects
Show details for Queuing theory and applicationsQueuing theory and applications
Show details for Radiative transferRadiative transfer
Show details for Real-time systemsReal-time systems
Show details for Recording technologyRecording technology
Show details for Reduced-instruction-set computers (RISC)Reduced-instruction-set computers (RISC)
Show details for Relaxation ProcessesRelaxation Processes
Show details for RelaysRelays
Show details for ReliabilityReliability
Show details for Remote sensingRemote sensing
Show details for ResolutionResolution
Show details for Resonance, paramagneticResonance, paramagnetic
Show details for RoboticsRobotics
Show details for Scanning tunneling microscopyScanning tunneling microscopy
Show details for SchedulersSchedulers
Show details for Self-assembled monolayer (SAM)Self-assembled monolayer (SAM)
Show details for SemanticsSemantics
Show details for Semiconductor devicesSemiconductor devices
Show details for Semiconductor technologySemiconductor technology
Show details for SemiconductorsSemiconductors
Show details for Semiconductors, III-VSemiconductors, III-V
Show details for Semiconductors, organicSemiconductors, organic
Show details for SemimetalsSemimetals
Show details for ServersServers
Show details for Signal processingSignal processing
Show details for Signature verificationSignature verification
Show details for SilicidesSilicides
Show details for SiliconSilicon
Show details for Silicon-germaniumSilicon-germanium
Show details for Silicon-on-insulator (SOI)Silicon-on-insulator (SOI)
Show details for Silicon CarbideSilicon Carbide
Hide details for Silicon dioxideSilicon dioxide
2002Beyond the conventional transistor
2002Maintaining the benefits of CMOS scaling when scaling bogs down
2002New insights into carrier transport in n-MOSFETs
2002Process modeling for future technologies
2002Process requirements for continued scaling of CMOS—the need and prospects for atomic-level manipulation
2002Vertically scaled MOSFET gate stacks and junctions: How far are we likely to go?
2000Hot-electron effects and oxide degradation in MOS structures studied with ballistic electron emission microscopy
1999Cost-effective cleaning and high-quality thin gate oxides
1999Growth and characterization of ultrathin nitrided silicon oxide films
1999Key measurements of ultrathin gate dielectric reliability and in-line monitoring
1999Modeling and characterization of quantization, polysilicon depletion, and direct tunneling effects in MOSFETs with ultrathin oxides
1999Nitrided gate oxides for 3.3-V logic application: Reliability and device design considerations
1999Scaling the gate dielectric: Materials, integration, and reliability
1999Ultrathin nitrided gate dielectrics: Plasma processing, chemical characterization, performance, and reliability
1964Electrochemical Phenomena in Thin Films of Silicon Dioxide on Silicon
1964Electrode Control of SiO2 Passivated Planar Junctions
1964Stabilization of SiO2 Passivation Layers with P2O5
Show details for Silicon nitrideSilicon nitride
Show details for Silicon oxidationSilicon oxidation
Show details for SilverSilver
Show details for SimulationSimulation
Show details for Simultaneous multithreading (SMT)Simultaneous multithreading (SMT)
Show details for Soft errorsSoft errors
Show details for Software reliabilitySoftware reliability
Show details for Solar cellsSolar cells
Show details for Solar energySolar energy
Show details for Solder ball connect (SBC) technologySolder ball connect (SBC) technology
Show details for Solid-state filesSolid-state files
Show details for Solid logic technologySolid logic technology
Show details for Solid modelingSolid modeling
Show details for Space-related technologySpace-related technology
Show details for SpectroscopySpectroscopy
Show details for Speech processingSpeech processing
Show details for SpintronicsSpintronics
Show details for SputteringSputtering
Show details for Statistical mechanicsStatistical mechanics
Show details for StatisticsStatistics
Show details for Stimulated emissionStimulated emission
Show details for Storage hierarchiesStorage hierarchies
Show details for Storage (computer) devices and systemsStorage (computer) devices and systems
Show details for SupercomputingSupercomputing
Show details for SuperconductivitySuperconductivity
Show details for Superconductivity, high-TcSuperconductivity, high-Tc
Show details for SuperlatticesSuperlattices
Show details for Surface effectsSurface effects
Show details for Surface passivationSurface passivation
Show details for Surface scienceSurface science
Show details for SwitchesSwitches
Show details for Switching circuitsSwitching circuits
Show details for System-on-a-chip (SoC)System-on-a-chip (SoC)
Show details for TantalumTantalum
Show details for TeleconferencingTeleconferencing
Show details for TelephonyTelephony
Show details for Test-pattern generationTest-pattern generation
Show details for TestingTesting
Show details for Testing, ACTesting, AC
Show details for Testing, analog signalTesting, analog signal
Show details for Testing, chipTesting, chip
Show details for Testing, circuitTesting, circuit
Show details for Testing, electron-beam/ion probesTesting, electron-beam/ion probes
Show details for Testing, fieldTesting, field
Show details for Testing, mixed-signalTesting, mixed-signal
Show details for Testing, moduleTesting, module
Show details for Testing, optical probesTesting, optical probes
Show details for Testing, random-pattern logicTesting, random-pattern logic
Show details for Text processingText processing
Show details for Thermal conduction module (TCM)Thermal conduction module (TCM)
Show details for ThermodynamicsThermodynamics
Show details for Thickness measurementThickness measurement
Show details for Time-sharing, applicationsTime-sharing, applications
Show details for TinTin
Show details for TopologyTopology
Show details for TransistorsTransistors
Show details for Transistors, bipolarTransistors, bipolar
Show details for Transistors, organic thin film (OTFTs)Transistors, organic thin film (OTFTs)
Show details for Transistors, thin film (TFTs)Transistors, thin film (TFTs)
Show details for Transmission linesTransmission lines
Show details for TribologyTribology
Show details for TunnelingTunneling
Show details for Typewriter designTypewriter design
Show details for UltrasonicsUltrasonics
Show details for VanadiumVanadium
Show details for Vatican LibraryVatican Library
Show details for Vector processingVector processing
Show details for VerificationVerification
Show details for VibrationVibration
Show details for Video signalsVideo signals
Show details for Virtual machinesVirtual machines
Show details for Virtual realityVirtual reality
Show details for VirtualizationVirtualization
Show details for VisualizationVisualization
Show details for VLSIVLSI
Show details for VocodersVocoders
Show details for Wave propagationWave propagation
Show details for WearWear
Show details for Web servicesWeb services
Show details for X-ray diffractionX-ray diffraction
Show details for X-ray technologyX-ray technology
Show details for ZincZinc
Show details for (No Subject)(No Subject)