the display of information by computers does not often fulfill the promise of the computer as a visual information appliance. a design experiment is described in this paper in which a large body of text, such as the complete plays of william shakespeare, is made visible. the typography is designed to handle display at a variety of scales so that the user can move smoothly between detailed views and overviews of as many as one million words. visual filtering techniques are described that aid in the analyses of text at a wide range of scales. also, the use of three-dimensional space to organize complex relationships among different information elements is described. new interaction paradigms are explored that aid in the navigation of complex, three-dimensional information spaces.