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IBM Journal of Research and Development  
Volume 29, Number 6, Page 569 (1985)
Nontopical Issue
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Image processing by simulated annealing

by P. Carnevali, L. Coletti, S. Patarnello
It is shown that simulated annealing, a statistical mechanics method recently proposed as a tool in solving complex optimization problems, can be used in problems arising in image processing. The problems examined are the estimation of the parameters necessary to describe a geometrical pattern corrupted by noise, the smoothing of bi-level images, and the process of halftoning a continuous-level image. The analogy between the system to be optimized and an equivalent physical system, whose ground state is sought, is put forward by showing that some of these problems are formally equivalent to ground state problems for two-dimensional Ising spin systems. In the case of low signal-to-noise ratios (particularly in image smoothing), the methods proposed here give better results than those obtained with standard techniques.
Related Subjects: Algorithms; Analytical models; Image processing