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IBM Journal of Research and Development  
Volume 30, Number 5, Page 443 (1986)
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy II
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Wide-range, low-operating-voltage, bimorph STM: Application as potentiometer

by P. Muralt, D. W. Pohl, W. Denk
An STM is described which operates at voltages ≤120 V. Its 3D scanner offers a wide range of displacements, has low drift and hysteresis, and exhibits good resolution. These features make it interesting for technical applications. In addition, its use as a potentiometer is described.
Related Subjects: Films, thin; Materials; Physics, solid state; Remote sensing; Scanning tunneling microscopy; Surface science